Gout is a painful condition that affects the big toe and foot. Gout is most commonly seen in arthritis patients. It occurs when sodium urate crystals form around the joint. These crystals then become sharp, needle-like particles that cause severe pain in the joints. Gout sufferers also need to deal with hyperuricemia, which is when the blood uric acid levels rise. Science has shown that not all people with high blood uric acid levels can experience gout. Hyperuricemia can lead to uric crystals in the joints, especially if it becomes chronic.
Although gout can affect anyone, studies show that it is more common in men aged over 30. There are many causes for uric acid buildup in the joints. Some include diet, genetics, and alcohol. Others involve joint injuries or medications.
Gout is primarily caused by diet. The main cause of gout is the excessive intake of uric acid. This can be traced back to alcohol, meats, and seafood. Hydration is also a factor. Gout can be caused by certain drinks like tea, coffee, and alcohol. Gout can also be caused by medications such as diuretics (for high blood pressure) and medications that affect the kidneys.
So! This article will explain the symptoms of gout.
Symptom #1: Toe pain
Patients with gout often experience podagra first. This is severe pain in the big foot. This is the first sign of gout. It indicates that the diet contains high levels of uric acids. It can be felt on the feet, wrists, wrists, and knees for several hours, sometimes even days. This happens when purines are broken down by a diet that includes beer, anchovies, mackerel, or beef liver.
Uric acid is normally excreted by the kidneys through urine. High levels of uric acid can make it difficult for the body to get rid of it. This causes a buildup of uric acid in joints and down the toes, which can cause unbearable pain and even the inability to walk.
Do not click away! You will find more symptoms of gout on the next pages, which are also worth to be acknowledged.
Gout is well-known for its swelling. Sometimes, it even urges patients not to wear jewelry. It is a sign of inflammation and swelling can cause reddening. This causes severe pain in many joints. The pain may disappear within a few days, but it can also persist for long periods, causing inflammation in the joints.
Redness can also spread around the body, beginning at the toes and climbing up to the knees, or higher, making it difficult to do everyday activities such as walking.
Symptom #3: Sudden Pain
Flare-ups can occur suddenly and abruptly during gout. These can occur after prolonged standing or walking. An acute attack can strike at any moment and cause severe pain. It may start with your toes and progress to your shoulders, legs, and lower extremities. This is why you may feel fine one minute and then become crippled the next. This stage is when diet and rest are the best options. Cold compresses can also be helpful to reduce inflammation.
Gouty arthritis, also known as acute gouty arthritis, is the most common clinical manifestation. It can quickly progress to extreme joint pain, swelling, and extreme sensitivity. The symptoms are usually characterized by severe, sudden pain that is often felt at night. It can cause redness at the first metatarsophalangeal (foot) joint. Gout is diagnosed by the presence of crystals in the fluid. This causes sudden discomfort and then deterioration.
Symptom #4: Skin Peeling
The skin begins to stretch when the tissue around the joint is weakening and eroding. Itchy, reddened skin can result. It can look more like a sunburn.
This is a common condition that occurs after a flare lasts for a long time. Gout is a sign that uric acid has formed in the joints over a prolonged period. Ask your doctor for advice if you feel the pain. Sometimes bleeding can be seen as a result of skin peeling or inflammation.
Symptom #5 – Nighttime Pain
After having a previous gout attack, it is quite common to have another one in the same year.
Gout pain is most commonly felt at night, sometimes while you are sleeping. Gout sufferers can experience severe pain during the night and may feel deprived of their sleep. Gout can strike at any time, but it is more common at night.
Gout attacks can be worsened by any movement like rubbing your legs or crossing your legs. Sometimes, even a slight touch or movement from the person next to you can cause discomfort. It can also be painful to stand or walk.
Symptom #6 – Hot Sensation
There will be a warm sensation around the affected area, just like any inflammation. The heat is then transferred to the skin as a fever or hot flash. It will be hot, especially if it is red. The heat sensation will subside once the swelling has subsided.
Applying an ice pack to the affected area can reduce inflammation and speed relief. Gout can be treated by keeping a bag of crushed ice in your freezer. You can wrap the pack with towels and use it for up to 30 minutes. Drinking enough water is important as it flushes out uric acid and reduces the chance of developing kidney stones. You should drink around 16 cups per day of beverages, at least half of which should be water.
Fever is symptom #7
Gout can cause inflammation and gout can spread around the body. This causes mild to moderate chronic fever. Polyarticular gout is when gout causes fever by spreading around the body.
Sometimes, the inflammation can be so severe that it can cause fever or flu-like symptoms. This could be a sign of infection. If you feel your joint is becoming hot and inflamed and have a fever, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Symptom #8: Kidney Stones
Gout can be very debilitating and could eventually lead to kidney stones. Kidney stones can develop when uric acid builds up in your urinary tract. Gout and high levels of uric acid are signs of kidney disease. This indicates that the kidneys have been dysfunctional for at least three months. The body doesn’t flush uric acid properly.
Although kidney failure can’t be reversed, it can be delayed. To prevent kidney failure, it is important to treat gout early.
Gout can be treated with medication, but if it is not treated promptly, kidney stones can cause severe damage to the kidneys. They are unable to remove waste which put them at risk for infection. The sharp edges of uric acid can also cause kidney damage and eventually lead to kidney failure.
If you experience bloody urine or severe discomfort in the abdomen or back, you should seek medical attention. These symptoms can indicate kidney dysfunction. You might also experience nausea as a secondary symptom.
Symptom #9 is Chronic Tophaceous Guit.
If gout is not treated, it can cause gouty symptoms that spread throughout the body. It usually takes 10 years for this to occur. This is when the skin, joints, and soft tissues develop rough nodules known as tophi. These are also found in one’s ears. Gout can cause irreversible damage. It is important to address gout earlier in the process.
Symptom #10 – Limited range of motion
According to the British Society for Rheumatology, “intra-articular agouti limiting the knee joint range of motion is a rare but significant cause of walking disability in gout patients.” Therefore, MRI testing is essential for diagnosing subcutaneous routes over the knee. Although difficult to diagnose, it should not be overlooked.
All physical therapists and trainers have a responsibility to pay attention to cases with a history of gout. They should be able to manage and protect the affected joints during acute episodes of gout. Research has shown that cold treatment, also known as cryotherapy, can relieve acute gout pain. Gout can be controlled by regular exercise and avoiding excessive weight.